Andrew P
Ethan H

Cool_looking_lake_pictures.jpg
Waterfall flowing into a lake

There are many plants and animals in lakes such as turtles, snakes, and ducks. By the shore of a lake or pond is the littoral zone.
The littoral zone is the warmest since it is shallow and it can absorb more of the sun's heat.

The monerans
a lake heavily polluted by chemicals may have very low concentrations of fecal coliform bacteria. It depends on the source of pollution. Urbanization of watersheds may generate new sources of fecal coliform bacteria. even as old sources disappear – for example, when farming land fertilized by cow dung is converted into condos. In this case, pet wastes, failing septic systems, and interconnections with leaking sanitary sewers may replace cow manure as a fecal coliform source. Storm water runoff in urbanized areas has been found to be surprisingly high in fecal coliform bacteria concentrations. The presence of disintegrating storm and sewers, misplaced sewers, and good breeding conditions are common explanations for the high levels measured.Bacteria, which belong to group Eubacteria are small, relatively simple, single-celled organisms. They have existed on earth longer and are more widely spread out than any other organisms. They are found in almost every imaginable habitat: in air, soil, water, in extreme temperatures, and in harsh chemical environments.
fecal coliform
fecal coliform

Spherical cocci (coccus) are also common. Streptococci are chain-forming cocci responsible for ailments such as strep throat in humans. Staphylococcus spp. Form clusters reminiscent of tiny bunches of grapes (staphylo is Greek for "cluster"), and are responsible for those nasty "staph" infections (gangrene) found in untreated (infected) puncture wounds. Spiral-shaped spirilla (spirillum) are the largest of these three types, and the simplest to identify.

E.Coli
Escherichia coli (or E. coli for short) is a common bacterium that lives in human and animal intestines, where it is present in large numbers. There are hundreds of E. coli strains and most are relatively harmless, causing illnesses such as traveler’s diarrhea only when consumed in exceedingly high numbers. Symptoms of poisoning by E. coli include bloody diarrhea, kidney damage, and occasionally death.
pix_ecoli.gif
E. coli

Eubacteria



Protists
Plant-like protists (algae) are photsynthetic. There are three algae that are in these biome red, brown, and blue algae. These are not single celled.

green algae:Pseudotrebouxia trebouxiophyceae
red algae: Palmaria palmata
red_algae.jpg
red alga






Fungi; Organisms of the kingdom Fungi, which lack chlorophyll and vascular tissue and range in form from a single cell to a body mass of branched filaments that often produce specialized fruiting bodies. The kingdom includes the yeasts, molds, smuts, and mushrooms

A deadly fungi that has killed populations of mountain yellow-legged frogs in the Sierra Nevada, can likely be spread by sexual reproduction, complicating efforts to save the frogs from extinction, according to a new genetic analysis led by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley. The steep decline in population of the mountain yellow-legged frog over the past several decades has been attributed to the introduction of predator fish in some areas and to chytridiomycosis, a spreading disease caused by this water borne fungus, Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis.
chytrid.jpg
batrachochytrium
There is another fungus called Saprolegnia diclina. This fungus is a disease that infects frogs.


Saprolegnia_diclina.jpg
Saprolegnia diclina



PLANTS: any member of the kingdom Plantae, having multicellular organisms that usually make their own food from inorganic matter by the process of photosynthesis and that have cell walls including vascular plants, mosses, and liverworts.
One plant is the LYCOPODIOPHYTA Lycopodiopsida is a class of plants often loosely grouped as the cousins of the fern, and includes the clubmosses.
Lycopodiella cernua with close-up of branch
Lycopodiella cernua with close-up of branch
Lycopodiella cernua
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Lycopodiophyta
Class: Lycopodiopsida
genus: lycopodiella
species

Swamp Horsetail

Equisetum palustre
where it lives : Found growing in shallow lakes, lake edges, marshes, wet swamps, ditches at middle elevation. Often form large colonies in shallow bodies of water.
horsetails_in_lakes.jpg
horsetails

Kingdom:
Plantae
Division:
Pteridophyta
Class:
Equisetopsida
Order:
Equisetales
Family:
Equisetaceae
Genus:
Equisetum
Species:
E. palustre




Yellow Pond Lily
Nuphar polysepalum

Ecology: Grows in ponds, shallow lakes, swamps, and sluggish streams.
yellow_pond_lily_thumb_carlson_30_june_01.jpg
pond lilly

Kingdom
Plantae -- Planta, plantes, plants, Vegetal


Division
Magnoliophyta --

Class
Magnoliopsida

Order
Nymphaeales

Family
Nymphaeaceae

Genus
Nuphar Sm.

Species
Nuphar luteum



Cattail
Typha latifolia
Ecology: Common in swampss, ponds, ditches, lake edges, and any other slow moving water.

cattail.jpg
cat tails not horse tails

Kingdom:
Plantae
division:
Angiosperms
Order:
Poales
Family:
Typhaceae
Genus:
Typha
Species:
latifolia







Ring Pellia
Pellia neesiana

Ecology: Low to alpine elevations but most seen at low elevations, found on not very fertile soils along stream banks, swamps and lakeshores. Often seen on fertilizer deficient soils that form on rocks at the edge of streams.
liver_wort.jpg
liverwort

Kingdom
Plantae – Plants
Division
Hepaticophyta – Liverworts
Class

Order
Metzgeriales
Family
Pelliaceae
Genus
Pellia Raddi, nom. cons.
Species
Pellia neesiana (Gottsche) Limpr.




The conifer
this is found right on top of lakes.
conifer_right_on_lake!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!1111.jpg
Pinus sylvestris
Scientific classification


Kingdom:
Plantae
Division:
Pinophyta
Class:
Pinopsida
Order:
Pinales
Family:
Pinaceae


ANIMALS


The Common Loon
Kingdom:
Animalia
Phylum:
Chordata
Class:
Aves
Order:
Gaviiformes
Family:
Gaviidae
Genus:
Gavia
Species:
immer
250px-Commonloonudfs.jpg
common loon


its diets consist of pike, perch, sunfish, trout, and bass

Northern Pike
Northern Pike


Kingdom:
Animalia

Phylum:
Chordata

Class:
Actinopterygii

Superorder:
Protacanthopterygii

Order:
Esociformes

Family:
Esocidae

Genus:
Esox

Species:
E. lucius


The northern pike eats smaller fish, such as bluegill, perch, and bass, they also eat frogs, and other pike.

The american Aligator

American Aligator
American Aligator

Kingdom:
Animalia
Phylum:
Chordata
Class:
Sauropsida
Order:
Crocodilia
Family:
Alligatoridae
Genus:
Alligator
Species:
A. mississippiensis
this aligator eats fish and ducks and and other water birds.


painted turtle
painted turtle
painted turtle

Kingdom:
Animalia
Phylum:
Chordata
Class:
Reptilia
Order:
Testudines
Family:
Emydidae
Subfamily:
Deirochelyinae
Genus:
Chrysemys
Species:
C. picta
The turtle Eats small fish and seaweed.




The striped loon
The loon
The loon

Kingdom:
Animalia

Phylum:
Chordata

Class:
Aves

Order:
Gaviiformes
Family:
Gaviidae
Genus:
gavia
The loons diet consists of seaweeds, and small crustations and fish.





roundworm
the round worm lives where ever there are fish.
Kingdom:
Animalia

Phylum:
Nematoda

Class:
Secernentea

Order:
Ascaridida

Family:
Ascarididae

Genus:
Ascaris
Species:
lumbricoide
nasty_round_worm.jpg
roundworm

this Round worm eats alive and dead tissue of the fish's body.



large mouth bass
large_mouth_bass(draw).jpg
the bass lives in lakes all around the world.

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Centrarchidae
Genus: Micropterus
Species: salmoides

the large mouth bass eats frogs, smaller fish, crayfish, and other small crustations,and worms.



platypus
platypus.jpg
the platypus lives in African lakes.

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Monotremata
Family: Ornithorhynchidae
Genus: Ornithorhynchus
Species: anatinus
the platypus eats crustations.







external image snpturtle.jpg





Classification
•Phylum: Chordata •Class: Reptilia •Order: Testudines •Family: Chelydridae































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